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As summer’s in full-swing Helping Psychology offers
overheated readers a chance to sit back, relax and enjoy the latest psychological
discourse. This month find out how introverted job seekers can compete against
their outgoing counterparts for a new position and learn why a new diagnostic
tool for Alzheimer’s disease can help patients live longer, fuller lives.
Intermittent Explosive Disorder: Diagnosis of the Week
Patients with a history of angry outbursts and aggressive
behavior may be suffering from a mental illness called Intermittent Explosive
Disorder. Symptoms include domestic violence, road rage, destruction of
property and temper tantrums. Treatment of this disorder is often successful
with a combination of medication and psychotherapy aimed at discovering the
underlying anger issues.
Forging a Career in Engineering Psychology
Engineering psychology is a little known discipline in the
field of psychology, one that is gaining momentum as a lucrative industry
faster than other fields in this sector.
Engineering psychology is the study of the interaction between humans
and the machines, such as computers, that facilitate life in the modern
John Dewey: Noteworthy Psychologist
Educational psychologist John Dewey is renowned for his
contributions to education reform, namely that of the progressive education
model. He believed that students absorb
information by doing rather than merely listening, which is the credo of
progressive education. John Dewey also
participated in formulating the theory of functional psychology.
Heinz Kohut and Self Psychology
Self-Psychology is a subfield of psychology that explores
the cognitive representation of each individual’s identity, which is similar to
the concept of the persona. Psychologist Heinz Kohut proposed that the self
equates to the persona of an individual, which is what is displayed to the
outside world. Kohut also examined the ways in which an individual's childhood
experiences shape the adult persona.
Psychology Graduate School Requirements
Graduate students are often required to take courses that
serve as prerequisites for upper level classes. In a psychology graduate program,
students are urged to take courses in communications, experimental design and writing
before applying for an intensive graduate course of study. Learn about the best
classes to take as prerequisites before becoming a psychology graduate student.
Cyclothymia: Diagnosis of the Week
As a mood disorder, Cyclothymia is similar to bipolar
disorder in that patients suffer from periods of hypomania, which are followed
by episodes of serious depression. Treatment for this disorder requires a
combination of medication and therapy, as antidepressants alone can lead to
severe manic episodes.
Career Paths in Forensic Psychology
The job description of a forensic psychologist includes many
tasks, from counseling inmates to testifying in court. Prospective forensic
psychologists are encouraged to focus on one clearly identified career path,
such as testimonial evaluation or strictly criminal interaction. Helping
Psychology offers students a chance to explore the numerous career
possibilities available with a degree in forensic psychology.
Shy Job Seekers: Tips for Success
Finding a job can be a nerve-racking process for even the
most seasoned job seeker, but the interviews, networking meetings and constant
communication can leave introverts feeling overwhelmed and ready to throw in
the towel. Helping Psychology has the tips that shy job seekers need to succeed
in their endeavors.
Degrees Required for Prospective Psychologists
Psychology is offered as a major at any level of study including
bachelor’s, masters and doctoral level programs. Each level of college degree
allows a psychology major to work in certain sectors; those with a higher
degree are often able to choose from a wider range of professions. Helping
Psychology describes the types of positions available to each respective degree
Link between Alcoholism and Anxiety
A recent study by Dr. Subhash Pandey and his team at the
University of Illinois has uncovered a link between anxiety disorder and
alcoholism on a molecular level. This in-depth study could lead to new
medications that will reduce the anxiety associated with alcohol withdrawal,
while simultaneously decreasing the desire to drink.
Dementia: Diagnosis of the Week
Memory-loss associated with aging is common, but when it
interferes with a person’s ability to think, evaluate and complete ordinary
tasks, it may be a more serious condition known as vascular dementia. Akin to
Alzheimer’s disease, dementia causes patients to experience complete mental oblivion
that is irreversible. Treatment for this disease is often limited to hospice
care and intervention.
Cyberbullying: An Old Problem with a New Twist
Kids have been bullied since the inception of the school
house, but cyberbullying facilitates this behavior by making it easier to
conduct. Children and teens with cellphones, personal computers and social
media profiles are habitually targeted by bullies who would rather engage in
cyberspace rather than face-to-face confrontations.
Genetic Counseling: Predicting the Future
Genetic counselors are health care specialists that provide
support and guidance to individuals with loved ones who suffer from genetic
disorders. Genetic counselors often hold degrees in both psychology and
medicine and are familiar with topics such as psychosocial theory, ethics,
genetics and counseling.
Adjustment Disorder: Diagnosis of the Week
Adjustment disorder causes a patient to experience
significant anxiety or panic after a change in routine occurs. Buying a new
home, getting married, having a baby or any other major life change triggers
adjustment disorder, which can be treated with a combination of medication and
Treating Performance Anxiety in Athletes
Athletes, even at a professional level, occasionally
experience anxiety that interferes with their
performance; they are literally unable to put on their best game. Sports
psychologists work to reduce the mental interference experienced by athletes to
facilitate an all-star performance.
Mary Whiton Calkins: Noteworthy Psychologist
An advocate of self-psychology, Mary Whiton Calkins
succeeded in a field once dominated by men and opened the doors for women
psychologists to come. In recognition for her contributions to the field of
self psychology, Calkins was elected to be the first woman president of the American
Psychological Association as well as the American Philosophical Association.
How to Have Romantic Relationships with the Bipolar
Sharing an intimate relationship with a bipolar person is
somewhat of a rollercoaster ride; navigating the ups and downs is exhausting
and sometimes a deal-breaker. But managing a romance in the midst of bipolar
disorder is not impossible; it just requires patience and understanding.
Dealing with Adolescent Rage
Teenagers that are dealing with periods of uncontrollable
rage that include violence and screaming, may well be dealing with something
far more complex than hormonal changes; they may be suffering from a
personality disorder. Parents can take note of how to handle rage behavior in this
Hypochondria: Worrying Life Away
Hypochondriacs associate common bodily sensations such as
headaches or stomachaches with serious illnesses and often spend time perusing
the Internet to determine a diagnosis with absolutely no medical basis. Hypochondria
is akin to an anxiety disorder and is treated using cognitive-behavioral
therapy and antidepressants.
Introverts: More Than Meets the Eye
Many people feel uncomfortable in social gatherings and
prefer to listen rather than speak in most situations, but that doesn’t mean
that they are antisocial or awkward. People such as this are merely
introverted, which means that they draw strength from inside themselves rather
than the outside world. Discover the hidden side of introverts and find out if
you fit the bill by reading the full article.
Effects of Caffeine on Student Test Scores
High school and college students are under a lot of pressure
to make the grade, and sometimes they turn to stimulants to help stay alert and study. Students consume Red Bull, coffee and other highly caffeinated drinks
on a regular basis, but a recent study uncovered the fact that caffeine has no real
effect on students’ test scores.
Personality Trait Theory
In 1936, pioneering psychologist Gordon Allport began
applying the principles of scientific taxonomy to the study of character traits.
He developed the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF), which is still
widely used in business settings and psychological evaluations.
Psychology 101: Optimal Distinctiveness Theory
Optimal distinctiveness theory presupposes that individuals
work to attain a balance between three basic emotional needs including the need
to be assimilated into a group, to be linked to family and friends and to have
a certain degree of distinctiveness and independence.
Inside the Mind of an Extravert
Extraverts are often heralded as the life of the party…and
every other situation. Extraverts love people and live for human interaction.
They garner strength from communicating with others and from speaking their
minds. Find out how introverts and extraverts cohabitate and other interesting
tidbits by reading the full article.
Early Detection of Alzheimer’s Disease
Avid Radiopharmaceuticals recently announced a new technique
that allows doctors to diagnose Alzheimer's disease using a PET scan. The scan,
reportedly able to detect plaques in the brain, allows doctors to facilitate
patients in living longer through early diagnosis of the disease.
Psychology Web Resources
Psychology students preparing to write a thesis paper or who
are studying for an upcoming exam can use the Internet to supplement information
found in textbooks and other sources. Knowing where to look is the first step.
Helping Psychology lists the best web resources for psychology students in this
Online Psychology Degrees
In lieu of a traditional classroom setting, busy students
can attend an online university and get a degree on their own time. But
students must be aware of the many less than reputable online programs before
signing up for a graduate program.
Exercise to Reduce Depression
A 2001 study conducted by Duke University found that
exercise is much more effective at treating depression than conventional
pharmacological approaches using antidepressants. Exercise was found to positively
affect neurotransmitter systems in the brain, which in turn lifted the patient
out of depression as the level of endorphins present in the body increased.
Premature Babies at Risk for Learning Disabilities
Researchers in Oregon recently determined that babies born a
week or two early were 16 percent more likely to develop learning disabilities.
An underdeveloped brain causes numerous malfunctions in body systems and can
lead to neurological problems such as ADHD and Autism.
Erectile Dysfunction and Sexually Transmitted Disease
The Annals of Internal Medicine recently conducted a study
that explored the connection between men who have erectile dysfunction (ED) and
an increase in sexually transmitted-diseases among middle-aged men. Users of ED
drugs were found to be having more unsafe sex than those not using the drugs.
Read more to find out why.
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