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Encounters with stereotypes are apparent in everything from
music, movies and books to daily interactions.
According to sociologist Joseph F. Healey stereotypes are a cognitive
form of prejudice, which can be categorized into varying theories such as
attribution theory, labeling theory, conflict theory, symbolic-interactionism,
human capitol theory and structural-functionalism. Click here to learn more.
Disorder: Diagnosis of the Week
Continuing in the recent tradition of Diagnosis of the Week,
December starts off defining a common anxiety-fueled mental disorder called OCD
or obsessive-compulsive disorder. Sufferers of this disorder experience symptoms
of washing and cleaning, counting, checking, demanding reassurances and
performing the same actions repeatedly. Effective treatment includes
psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. Interested in learning more?
Is Brain Surgery a Viable
Treatment for Mental Illness?
Mental illnesses are commonly treated using a combination of
psychotherapy and antidepressants, but China has seen a resurgence of mental
illness as an indication for brain surgery in the past few decades. Is brain
surgery really effective in curing mental disorders such as OCD and
Schizophrenia? Some speculate it’s no more effective than a lobotomy. Form your
own opinions of psychosurgery by clicking here.
Treating patients using crisis counseling differs from
traditional psychotherapy in that is meant as a one-time treatment versus
consistent therapy sessions. Determining the best techniques to use really
depends on the particular client. If the patient exhibits unpredictable behavior,
then long term treatment or additional consultation with a psychiatrist for
medication may be required. Click here to learn more.
The Search for Hope
As a neurological disorder, Huntington’s disease disrupts
personality, memory and mental function and eventually escalates into dementia.
Onset of this genetic disease is generally between the ages of 35 and 44 and
typically effects more males than females. Unfortunately no effective medical
treatment for Huntington's disease currently exists, though research is
ongoing. Discover more about this disease by clicking here.
The Reality of
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is a mental disorder that is
similar to premenstrual syndrome, but symptoms are generally more intense and
last longer than most PMS symptoms.
Usually misdiagnosed as a hormonal disorder, Premenstrual Dysphoric
Disorder affects women of childbearing age and can disrupt the daily life of
sufferers. Symptoms include hopelessness, weight changes, uncontrollable rage,
or suicidal thoughts/behaviors in addition to classic PMS symptoms. Think
you’re suffering from Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder? Click here.
Disorder: Diagnosis of the Week
Depersonalization disorder is characterized by a persistent
feeling of detachment coupled with depression and anxiety. Symptoms may
fluctuate, but eventually treatment may be necessary to control this disorder.
A combination of antidepressants and psychotherapy is generally helpful to
patients suffering depersonalization. Click here to learn more.
Is Facebook a True
Predictor of Personality?
Nowadays, social media, namely Facebook, is everywhere. From
laptops to cell phones people of all ages engage in Facebooking on a regular
basis. But are these online counterparts’ people build a true representation of
their personality? What’s to stop users from portraying themselves in an
entirely different light? According to a new study by researchers at the
University of Texas, Facebook pages more accurately reflect a user's true
personality, as opposed to their ideal personality. Click here to discover the
Any college graduate could probably use a little help in the
interviewing department, but psychology grads applying for high demand careers
in the psychology field definitely need a leg up on the competition. Learn how
to wow prospective employers by clicking here.
Psychology, A History
The history of psychotherapy is vast and began in ancient
times when the Greeks learned the value of talk therapy. Psychologists such as
Walter Cooper Dendy and Sigmund Freud went on to revolutionize the field with
new techniques and theories. Psychotherapy today is a mainstream therapy technique
used to help patients with a variety of mental disorders. Want to know more?
Meth users suffer from a host of devastating symptoms, but
psychosis may be the most debilitating. The longer a person abuses meth, the
greater the potential to suffer from psychosis, at least 10 – 20 % greater.
Symptoms of methamphetamine abuse psychosis include hallucinations, delusions,
paranoia, compulsive actions, irritability and violent behavior. Click here to
Psychology of a
When people think of a midlife crisis it usually involves
fast cars, extra-marital affairs or wild behavior, but in reality those who
suffer from midlife blues can feel depressed and anxious about the prospect of
growing older. Several areas of concern are considered including relationship,
health and lifestyle. Sometimes medication or intervention is needed in extreme
cases. Know someone who is suffering a midlife crisis? Click here to learn
Social Phobia -
Diagnosis of the Week
Social phobia, or social anxiety disorder, is characterized
by feelings of intense fear associated with social settings such as parties,
classrooms, workplaces or even just being in public. Those who suffer from this
common mental disorder experience anxiety and panic that can cause agoraphobia,
or the fear of leaving home. Treatment includes cognitive behavioral therapy to
elicit behavioral change. Want to learn more? Click here.
Reviews Common Antidepressants
Consumer Reports, a leader in product investigation,
recently reviewed a number of common antidepressants used by people
experiencing mental disorders. The goal of the study was to determine the
severity of side effects caused by the medication and to alert the public as to
the safety of the medication. Find out the results by clicking here.
Papers: Finding the Perfect Topic
Finding the perfect term paper topic to wow your psych
professors is a difficult task, but Helping Psychology has the tips you need to
succeed. From hints to help you get started to the proper way to format your
paper, all you need to know is just a click away.
Linked to Personality Changes, Depression Notwithstanding
Antidepressants are used to treat a variety of mental
disorders including anxiety and depression, but researchers have also found
that the drugs may alter a person’s personality regardless of any mental issue.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) may influence the levels of
extraversion and neuroticism found in patients. People with high instances of
both traits are found to be more susceptible to depression than those who
exhibit low levels. Discover the reason by clicking here.
One of the most popular treatments to cure anxiety,
obsessive-compulsive and post-traumatic stress disorder is cognitive behavioral
therapy, but psychologists are implementing a new similar treatment that
consists of directly exposing patients to their fears. Exposure therapy is held
in a controlled environment and is highly effective as it aids patients in
gaining control over their anxiety disorder by confronting the triggers that
cause negative reactions. Feel it may be beneficial? Click here.
Psychology consists of numerous branches and subfields that
make popular career choices for psych grads. Rather than just taking a job in
clinical psychology, students have the option of exploring subfields such as Forensic,
Industrial-Organizational, Social, School and Developmental. Learn more by
Carl Jung: Extravert
According to Carl Jung people fit into two distinct personality
categories: introvert and extravert. Psychologists use these classifications to
help individuals discover their own personality type and understand how their
mind works. Extraverts are thought to be gregarious and confident, while
introverts are less like their charismatic counterparts being quiet and subtle.
Are you an introvert or an extravert? Click here to find out.
Personality Disorder: Diagnosis of the Week
Perhaps you’ve heard the term borderline personality
disorder somewhere in your studies, but what does it really mean? Borderline
personality disorder is a serious mental disorder that affects mood, thought
and social behavior. Symptoms include low self-esteem, destructive behavior,
substance abuse and overall self-hate. People are generally diagnosed with the
disorder in adulthood and require prompt therapy to avoid potentially devastating
behaviors. Discover more by clicking here.
PsychologicalResearch: Using APA Format
The American Psychological Association has established
guidelines for citing sources in psychology research papers called the APA
format. Psych students must adhere to certain citation requirements such as references
within the body of the text consisting of the author's name followed by the
year of publication. Get an overview by clicking here.
Hierarchy of Needs:
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a classic psychological model
that dissects human motivation. Maslow's theory states that individuals attempt
to fill certain physical and emotional needs, such as love and security, before
moving on to higher levels like self-actualization. Learn more about the five
distinct levels by clicking here.
Myers Briggs Typology
The Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is another
personality test that delves deeper into an individual’s personality by looking
at four different category combinations including introversion/extraversion,
sensing/intuiting, thinking/feeling and judging/perceiving. 16 sets of
personality combinations can be created using this system. Want to learn more?
A fairly new branch of psychology, Industrial-Organization,
or I-O psychology, deals with the workplace environment and how workers
interact and function as a whole. I-O psychologists aim to find ways to
increase productivity and produce stable working conditions. Learn more about
the education and salary of industrial-organizational psychologists by clicking here.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistic indicates faster-than-average
growth in the field of psychology in the next several years. Students nearing
graduation or just entering college may want to consider psychology as a career
field. Possible psychology jobs include school counselor, forensic
psychologist, clinical psychologist and more.
Disorder: Diagnosis of the Week
When most people think of separation anxiety the first thing
that comes to mind is usually a fussy, scared child. Although it is seen most
often in children, even adults sometimes suffer from separation anxiety in some
form. Separation Anxiety Disorder is marked by extreme anxiety caused by the
temporary separation from caregivers or loved ones. Click here to learn more.
Leadership, like other personality traits, is continually a
subject of study among psychologists. Several theories have been devised that divide
people into several categories including dictators, democratic leaders, autocratic
leaders and laissez-faire leaders. What kind of leader are you? Click here to
Resources for Treating Patients
Beyond mere psychological training lies a wealth of
information that psychologists can use to aid in treating patients and partaking
in research studies. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, a publication of
the American Psychological Association, is the go-to manual for psychologists
and doctors alike. Discover several other important resources by clicking here.
Psychologists use personality assessment tools such as
self-report inventories to elicit responses related to overall personality
style, emotional state or perception of events, which can be useful in
diagnosing and treating certain mental disorders. Several types of self-report
inventories are available such as the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Geriatric
Depression Scale. Click here to learn more.
to Reducing Psychological Pain
The acetaminophen found in over-the-counter medications like
Tylenol is used to treat minor aches and pains, but has recently shown promise
in treating mental pain as well. Researchers at the University of Kentucky have
undergone two separate experiments to rate the effectiveness of acetaminophen
in treating loneliness and social pain. Interested? Click here to learn more.
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